“True courage is not the absence of fear, but the willingness to proceed in spite of it.”
♣ Think about those people you consider truly courageous. Who would you pick? The first responders who rushed to the inferno of the World Trade Center? The airline pilot who made a successful water landing, his skill and presence of mind saving his plane full of passengers? The combat soldier who put himself in harm’s way to protect his comrades? The mother who fended off attackers to protect her child? In times of danger, in the midst of life-or-death struggles, when extraordinary courage is called for and proceeding in spite of fear is of absolute necessity, there are those who will rise to the challenge. We are in awe of these acts of bravery and self-sacrifice, these instances of courage, and we ask ourselves if we would be able to do the same. If we were put to the test, would we pass?
For many people, just getting through the day requires an act of courage. People struggling to pay the rent or make the mortgage payment. People living in poverty, living with hunger. People who daily face violence, hatred, prejudice, persecution; who encounter racism, sexism, homophobia, and yet somehow maintain a courageous attitude. That sort of courage is born of an instinct to survive, and is stronger in some than in others; courage and hope can stand only so much abuse before they are crushed under the juggernaut of economic and societal forces far beyond one’s personal control.
“Everyday courage has few witnesses. But yours is no less noble because no drum beats for you and no crowds shout your name.” –Robert Louis Stevenson
And there are those who work to help others in need; there are those who work to change the system, to make it a more compassionate one, a system which puts people before profits. The majority of these humanitarians and activists seek no personal glory, expect no hosannas, seek no reward beyond seeing the achievement of their altruistic goals; in fact, these people who devote themselves to making the world a kinder, more just, more peaceful place, often struggle against indifference or even outright hostility from the general public, and yet they carry on, they take a stand, they take action, because they know what they are doing is right. They have the courage of their convictions.
Now think of those whose sense of moral obligation, whose courage born of compassion lead them to help non-humans — the animals. They take action for the purpose of opening eyes and/or opening cages, such as the Mercy for Animals undercover investigators who have exposed, for example, the cruel practices at the world’s largest egg -laying breed chicken hatchery – Hy-Line International in Spencer, Iowa; or the Compassion Over Killing investigators who, in addition to documenting the abuses, also conducted “open rescues” at two egg farms in Maryland. There are, as well, those who liberate animals (without the use of violence) from research facilities, puppy mills, mink “ranches,” etc. These brave people, committed to freeing animals from their suffering, have put themselves at risk; they have not only risked getting arrested, they have also exposed themselves to witnessing firsthand cruelties and horrific environments most of us would want to avoid for our emotional well-being.
But one does not have to go undercover, break into labs or commit any dramatic act to to be an advocate for animals. Being an ethical vegan requires an everyday sort of courage that is no less noble for lack of drum beats. By choosing to be vegan for ethical reasons — and to be so proudly, strongly, openly and as a model for others to follow –you take a stand, you put your compassion into action. There are various ways that ethical vegans can and do demonstrate the courage of their convictions. Below are some I have thought about. I’m sure there are many more.
♣ The Courage to Look
Whenever I participate in vegan video outreach at Santa Monica’s Third Street Promenade, during a showing of Meat Your Meat or Earthlings or other videos which depict the horrific truth about the plight of farmed animals, there will be, invariably, those people who rush past, shielding their eyes or the eyes of their children, refusing to look. The images shown are, indeed, truly disturbing stuff, the stuff of nightmares, hard to watch.
But not looking does not make the nightmare world of factory farms and slaughterhouses not exist. There are, of course, people who stop and watch; in fact the aforementioned videos are the biggest draw and allow us the best opportunity for leafletting. Are these people mesmerized by the violence on screen? Captivated by seeing images that are usually hidden from them? Curious to know how their dinner is “produced”? It is hard to say but I do know that some are deeply moved by what they have seen. Their eyes have been opened, their hearts have been touched and perhaps they have taken the first steps towards a more compassionate diet.
“When faced with a choice between confronting an unpleasant reality and defending a set of comforting and socially accepted beliefs, most people choose the latter course.” — W. Lance Bennett
Vegans have the courage to look at that unpleasant reality and then to look at their own connection to it, to see that they can make a choice, that they can choose to say no to those socially accepted beliefs about animals as food and yes to a more compassionate choice.
♣The Courage to Say No
It is comforting just to go with the flow, to blindly accept what Melanie Joy has dubbed the carnist ideology that tells us that eating animals is normal, natural and necessary. Once our eyes have been opened to the cruelties and suffering inherent in animal agriculture and other forms of animal exploitation and abuse, it is incumbent upon us to reject this worldview, to say “No!” to the brutalization, the needless slaughter of sentient beings, each one, as animal rights philosopher Tom Regan argues, a “subject-of-a-life.” We must say “No!” to battery cages, gestation crates, veal stalls, stockyards, slaughterhouses. “No!” to the continual rape of cows to turn them into milk machines. “No!” to turning chickens into egg-laying machines. “No!” to debeaking, teeth clipping, tail docking, branding, castration. “No!” to merely bigger cages and yes to empty cages.
♣The Courage to Say Yes
It can be hard to make a change in your life, even a very positive change. This involves leaving the known and comfortable for strange new territory. It involves opening oneself up to new possibilities, new choices, new ideas, new perceptions, new friends. We are tempted to think, “What have I gotten myself into?” When we say yes to veganism and by extension animal advocacy (more on this below), we are often agreeing to a paradigm shift of sorts, a change in our basic assumptions about our relationship to animals; or we are affirming what has been there all along but we were perhaps too timid to fully embrace it.
♣The Courage to Care
Jewish philosopher Martin Buber wrote about the “I -Thou” (or “I-You”) relationship which expresses the mutual existence of two beings. There is no objectification in such a relationship, there is no thought of using the other, as one would in an “I-It” relationship. Ethical vegans care deeply about animals because they recognize an “I-Thou” relationship with them.
But with caring comes the possibility of being hurt; caring about animals coexists with knowing how much they suffer, and many people would rather shut off their caring selves rather than experience the sort of psychological pain such knowledge can inflict.
There is also the problem of not being able to make a personal connection with animals when they are viewed in a general, abstract way, especially if we are talking about the billions of farmed animals killed each year. Most people do care deeply about their “own” pets and may even care about dogs and cats in general and many care about animals in the wild, but they have not widened that circle of caring and compassion to include the animals they call food, or at least not enough to cause them to change their diets and lifestyles.
Ethical vegans have the courage to care about all animals, especially those who languish in the misery of factory farms or even those raised in comparatively “humane” ways, only to have their lives cut short so that humans can use their bodies to satisfy their craving for animal flesh.
♣The Courage to Hope
In my previous post I wrote about the necessity of hope. Sometimes, though, things just seem hopeless, we are beaten down by the unrelenting suffering in the world. Sometimes it takes an act of courage to hope in spite of it all –but then that hope must be turned into action. And taking action keeps hope alive. Vegans have the courage to hope for a better future for animals and humans. And they have the courage to take action to make that future a reality.
“Action is the antidote to despair.” –Joan Baez
♣The Courage to Not Have All The Answers
I have been a vegan and animal rights advocate long enough that I have had the opportunity to encounter just about every question that anyone might throw at me — first and foremost, of course: “Where do you get your protein?” and also, “Don’t plants also feel pain?” and “Do you care more about animals than you do about humans?” and “Weren’t animals put on Earth for us to eat?” and “What in the world is wrong with drinking milk?” But there are times when someone might have a question, perhaps something dealing with statistics which I, a dyscalculiac (someone who has an innate difficulty with numbers), am unable to answer. At which point I will confess that I don’t know but that I will try to find out. We cannot know everything, be able to answer every question, meet every challenge. But we do know the basics: animals are sentient beings, they are subjects-of-a-life, they suffer; it is unnecessary to eat them and in fact we would be a lot healthier if we adopted a plant-based diet. We must have the courage to admit we don’t know everything — but also have the courage to clearly express that which we know very well.
♣The Courage to Bear Witness
As people who became vegan for ethical reasons, for reasons of empathy and compassion, we must have the courage to bear witness to the suffering of animals. We did not choose veganism simply because it makes us feel good or contributes to our well-being. One way to bear witness is to be proudly and openly vegan and then to explain to others why we are. We can do this through conversations with friends and family or through volunteering with organizations such as Compassion Over Killing or Mercy for Animals to name just two of many; you can leaflet, do street theater, join in protests; you can write letters, make phone calls, start a blog. You can work with others to change laws. You can help out at a farm sanctuary. In short, you can be an activist, an Animal Advocate.
“Bearing witness means choosing to suffer. Indeed, empathy is literally ‘feeling with.’ Choosing to suffer is particularly difficult in a culture that is addicted to comfort–a culture that teaches that pain should be avoided whenever possible and that ignorance is bliss. We can reduce our resistance to witnessing by valuing authenticity over personal pleasure, and integration over ignorance.”
— Melanie Joy, Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs and Wear Cows: An Introduction to Carnism
♣If you are new to veganism or perhaps on the cusp of becoming vegan, and you are feeling a bit timid, I urge you to consider what you have just read. Find the courage within yourself to fully embrace this compassionate, life-affirming, ethical way of being, despite whatever challenges may be present. And know that there is great joy, great strength in being vegan. Know that there are many others out there who have made the ethical choice to go vegan, to break free of the carnist ideology. There is a community of like-minded people who are just waiting to welcome you into the circle of compassion.
“Live your beliefs and you can turn the world around.” –Henry David Thoreau
And if you are a Vegan for Life, as I am, I hope that these words have helped to remind you of how much we need to carry on courageously and to help others, new to veganism, be strong in their decision — to act with the courage of their convictions.♥
I plan to! Thanks, Kim.
That is brilliant, Robb. You make me want to do more. I’m forever trying to shield myself from pain, often forgetting the bigger picture. Thank you for reminding me of that.
I appreciate your kind words and I’m glad this post has helped you, Michele.
Robb!!! This is your best post yet! I love it! I especially like how clearly and logically laid out it is 🙂 I love the connection and contrast you draw between the heroes we admire and aspire to be, and the kind of people we currently are. We do have the courage of our convictions. We walk the talk. I love how you’ve written the different types of courage, as they are all very true. Of all of them I feel that the most important would be the courage to look, as it is this that enables much of the rest to happen afterward. However, looking doesn’t do much good if the person doesn’t care and caring doesn’t do much good if the person doesn’t do something about it. All of these courageous acts must work together to bring about change. It may be difficult, but it can be done! Like you say, I have the hope that one day people will look, care, say “no” and “yes” to the appropriate things, not have all the right answers, and bear witness, as I have.
Anyway, this is such an inspiring, empowering, and all-around perfectly written post! I couldn’t have said any of this better myself! Great job, Robb! I am very much looking forward to your next post!
Thank you, Kara! Since writing this I’ve had my doubts about it, fearing that it is perhaps so much superficial rhetoric, but that’s just me. It helps me to know that it does resonate with people like you and Michele and that it has the possibility of inspiring others.
I’m particularly happy that you find it logically presented; I always embark on these sort of writing projects with the intention of wrapping my passion up in a sort of logical detachment and then I find myself going more for emotional effect. But, again, that’s just me being overly critical of myself. New courage: The Courage to Accept the Fact That You Are Not Perfect — But to Also Have Confidence in Your Strengths!
Yes, the other types of courage are subordinate to the first, The Courage to Look. It all starts with that and where you go from there. Thanks again for your kind words and thoughtful reply. Onward!
I don’t have a basis with which to compare this post with your others, since this is the first and only one I’ve read so far, thanks to Kara mentioning it on her most recent blog: http://veganrabbit.com/2012/04/30/vegan-rabbits-response-to-new-york-times-put-your-ethics-where-your-mouth-is
But I like it every bit as much as Kara does, and for the same reasons.
The way Kara relates the looking/caring/acting connections reminds me of this observation by Sengalese conservationnist Baba Dioum: “In the end, we will conserve only what we love, we will love only what we understand, and we will understand only what we are taught.”
What we are taught. Well, we are taught that it’s normal to pay someone to kill animals on our behalf. Does that make us hirers of hit men?
I figure it takes only an ounce of compassion to turn down THAT role. And, yes, a dash of courage to defy the crowd. And, yes, the conviction that it is right to side with a major principle — respect for all beings — rather than a majority of people.
I hope to find time to look up your previous posts, Robb.
I figure anyone with compassion should be able to turn down that job.
Beautifully put! Thank you for your inspiration–it is great to work alongside you. The world is undergoing massive changes. Some of us are experiencing those changes, and some of us are participating in making those changes happen! I’m glad you are one of the change-makers!
Steve, I feel honored to have you say that, as I consider what you do so much a part of the change making. It takes many, many people participating in their own way. A lot of those people just don’t know it yet that they are going to join in the effort!
This is beautiful Robb! Thoughtful and inspirational. The animals (and advocates) are lucky to have you on their side. I’ll share on my FB page.
Thank you so much, Jaya. Please do share as I think that it is important that we all recognize that having the courage to act on our beliefs is a big part of being an ethical vegan! And thank you for all that you do to make this world a more compassionate place for the animals and the humans.
I love the way you laid this out. Yes to empty cages!
Thank you for pointing out the fear of caring/knowing what pain your actions can inflict. I sometimes become frustrated when people don’t want to know what goes on behind the scenes, what cruelty lurks in their food. I guess people are afraid of change, of challenging their lifestyle and their beliefs, of accepting this knowledge and bearing the weight of all this suffering… Courage to everyone!
You did, indeed read this, Max! And you did, indeed appreciate it. And courage to you!